Which peer review procedures are related to more retractions? Causal connections are hard to make, as retractions are both a sign of trouble and a sign that journals are taking action to address trouble. Nevertheless, it is remarkable that some peer review procedures, such as double blind review, seem to involve fewer retractions, even after correction for research field.

Horbach, S. P. J. M., & Halffman, W. (2018). The ability of different peer review forms to flag problematic publications. Scientometrics, doi:10.1007/s11192-018-2969-2. (online 29 November 2018)

There is a short interview about it on Retraction Watch.

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